Māori Grammar


Level 1
Present Tense (kei te)

1. Simple sentences - present tense with an adjective - kei te

2. Simple sentences: present tense with a verb - kei te

3. Locatives (at the moment, something is somewhere) - kei te

Level 1
Past tense

4. Simple sentences: past tense - i te

5. Past - specifying a particular time - i te

Level 1
Use of ka

6. Simple sentences: future tense - ka

7. Ka used to indicate the past - ka

Level 1
E... ana

8. Simple sentences: present tense - e... ana

9. Simple sentences: past tense - i

Level 1
Commands

10. Command with e! - e!

11. Commands without e or the passive - Homai! Whakarongo!

12. Negative active commands - Don't! - Kaua e..., kāti...

Level 1
The definite and indefinite articles (te, ngā, he)

13. The article - te, ngā, he

14. Some - tētahi, ētahi

Level 1
Use of 'i' and 'ki'

15. Using 'ki' to indicate direction towards something - ki

16. Using 'i' to indicate direction away from something - i - i

17. Using 'i' to mean 'in', 'by' or 'at' - i

18. Sentences with i - i

19. Sentences with ki - ki

20. Verbs that take 'i' (kite, etc) - i

21. Verbs that take 'ki' - ki

22. Verbs that take 'i' or 'ki' - i, ki

Level 1
Sentences using 'he' and 'ko'

23. Identity sentences - ko...

24. Categorizing sentences - he

Level 1
Asking questions

25. What? - He aha?

26. Asking 'are you a...?' - He... ?

27. What is this for? - hei aha?

28. Asking who - Ko wai...?

29. How is...? - E pēwhea ana, he pēwhea?

30. What is happening at the moment? - kei te aha?

31. Which - Ko tēhea?

Level 1
This and that

32. This - tēnei, te nei

33. That (near you) - tēnā, te... nā

34. That (over there) - tērā

35. These - ēnei

36. Those (near you) - ēnā

37. Those (over there) - ērā

Level 1
Pronouns

38. Pronouns - singular - au, ahau

39. Pronouns - singular - koe

40. Pronouns - singular - ia

41. Pronouns - plural, inclusive of listener - tātou

42. Pronouns - plural - koutou

43. Pronouns - plural - rātou

Level 1
Family relationships (tēina, tuakana...)

44. Family relationships - father - papa

45. Family relationships - mother - mama, whaea

46. Family relationships - parents - matua, mātua

47. Family relationships - brother to a girl - tungāne

48. Family relationships - sister to a boy - tamahine

49. Family relationships - older sibling of the same sex - tuakana

50. Family relationships - younger sibling of the same sex - teina

Level 1
Counting and numbers

51. Counting 1-10 -

52. Numbering people - tokorua, tokotahi...

53. Numbering things - e rua, e toru...

54. This week, this month, this year - i tēnei wiki, i tēnei marama...

55. Last week, last month, last year - tērā

Level 1
Possessives

56. Possessives - 'a' class - ā, tāku...

57. Possessives - 'o' class - ō, tōku...

58. Possessives - neuter - taku, tō...

59. Words that can be 'a' or 'o' categories - o, a

60. Sentences with two possessives - a, o

61. Belonging to a place -

Level 2
Simple sentences

62. Simple sentences: past completed tense - kua

63. Simple sentences: you should - me

Level 2
Locatives

64. Locatives - past (something was somewhere) - i te

65. Future locatives - kei te

66. In, on, by, under... - kei runga...

67. Above, underneath, outside of - runga ake, raro iho, waho atu, roto atu

Level 2
Negations

68. Negations of identity sentences - ehara...

69. Negations of the past tense - Kāore... i...

70. Negations of the present tense (I am not working) - Kāore... i te...

71. Negations of the past tense - Kāore... i te...

72. Negations of e... ana... sentences - kāore... e... ana...

73. Negations of the future (I will not go) - Kāore... e...

Level 2
Questions

74. What are you doing? - He aha tāu mahi?

75. When? - Āwhea?

76. Is it OK if... ? - Ka pai taku...?

77. Do you have any...? - He... ?

Level 2
Possession

78. I have no... - Kāore aku...

79. Mild imperatives (You should be...) - kia

80. Let there be... - kia...

81. Established possession - nāku, nōku...

82. Unrealised possession - mā, māku

Level 2
Commands

83. Belonging to the past -

84. Commands using the passive - Tāpirihia, Tīkina...

Level 2
Direction and location (mai, atu, ake, iho)

85. Negative passive commands (Don't be...) - Kaua... e...

86. Towards - mai

87. Away - atu

88. Up - ake

89. Down - iho

90. Direction markers with adverbs - tonu mai, kā atu, rawa mai...

Level 2
Pronouns

91. Pronouns - dual, inclusive of listener - tāua

92. Pronouns - dual, exclusive of listener - māua

93. Pronouns - dual - kōrua

94. Pronouns - dual - rāua

95. Pronouns - plural, exclusive of listener - mātou

Level 2
Family relationships (mātāmua, pōtiki)

96. Talking about more than one person - ...rāua ko..., rātou ko...

97. Family relationships - oldest - mātāmua

98. Family relationships - youngest - pōtiki

Level 2
Statives and Passives

99. Statives - mate, ngaro, mau...

100. Passive sentences - tikina...

Level 2
Transitives and Intransitives

101. Transitive verbs -

102. Intransitive verbs -

Level 2
Conjuctions (therefore, because, and then...)

103. Conjunctions - and - ā

104. Conjunctions - because - engari

105. Conjunctions - if - mēnā

Level 2
Time and numbers

106. Counting over ten -

107. Ordindinal numbers (First, second, third...) - tuatahi, tuarua...

108. Telling time - kara

Level 2
Other sentence structures

109. Travelling by means of - mā runga

110. Perhaps - Tērā pea

111. I like... - He pai ki a au...

112. Comparatives (better than...) - pai ake...

Level 3
About someone - mō

113. About someone - mōku, mōu, mōna...

Level 3
I am able to, I am allowed to

114. I am able... - Ka taea e...

115. To be unable - Kāore... taea...

116. To be able, to be capable - āhei

Level 3
Conditional statements (if...)

117. If (using mehemea) - mehemea

118. If using ki - ki

119. If... (using me) - me

Level 3
Uses of 'ai'

120. Habitual action - ai

121. Direction - ...ai

122. The reason for an action - ...ai.

123. Asking "when" with ai - ā hea... ai?

Level 3
Uses of 'kē'

124. Actually -

Level 3
Uses of 'kia'

125. A certain amount - kia

Level 3
Uses of 'kei'

126. Be careful... lest! - kia... kei...

127. In case... - kei

128. Don't even think about... - kei noko... ka...

Level 3
Negations

129. Negations of kua (I haven't yet...) - Kāore ano... kia...

130. Negations of 'me' - We shouldn't... - Kaua... (passive) e...

131. Negating locatives - kāore... i runga...

132. Negating statives - kāore i... i ahau...

133. Negation of locatives - kāore...

134. Negating māku possessives - ehara... mō...; ehara... mā

135. Negating t possessives - kāore i a...

136. Negating nāku possessives - Ehara i...

137. Negating passive sentences - Kāore... e...

Level 3
That thing I talked about - taua, aua

138. That aforementioned thing - taua, aua

Level 3
Uses of 'hei'

139. Never mind the... No worries! - Hei aha te..., Kia ahatia@

140. For the purpose of - hei

141. Future locative - hei

Level 3
Uses of 'hoki'

142. How... - Te... hoki...

Level 3
Statives

143. Statives with 'i' - i a, i te, i ngā

Level 3
Conjunctions

144. Conjugations - therefore - nā reira, nō reira

145. Conjunctions - however - otirā

146. Conjunctions - although - ahakoa

147. Conjuctions - because - nā te mea

148. Conjunctions - on the other hand, however - heoi anō

Level 3
Uses of 'kātahi' and 'ka'

149. And then... - kātahi ka...

150. And then... - ...ka/kātahi... ai...

151. What a... - kātahi te...

152. Has just... - kātahi anō...

153. While - i... ka...

Level 3
Time and numbers

154. The day before yesterday, etc - inatahīrā, inaoake...

Level 3
Questions

155. Why? - He aha... ai?

156. Who is going to... - Ki a wai te...?

157. How many are there? - E hia? Tokohia?

158. How many are needed? - Kia hia

159. Asking "when was?" - Nōnahea, inahea

Level 3
The agent emphatic

160. Past agent emphatic - nā - agent emphatic

161. Who will? - mā wai?

162. Future agent emphatic - māku

163. Negating the future agent emphatic - ehara mā..

164. Negating the past agent emphatic - ehara i...

Level 3
Uses of 'e... ana...'

165. Sentences with a subclause - e... ana

166. While... - i... e... ana, ka...

Level 3
Various sentences structures

167. Like this, like that - pēnei, pēna, pēra

168. Over there - āra

169. There's no one better than... - Kāore i...

170. That's the reason... - Koirā te take...

171. I thought mistakenly - Pēnei au...

172. This is just like that - he rite tonu

173. Don't... just yet! - Taihoa... e

174. To like - rata

175. According to... - E ai ki.../E ai ki tā... /Ki tā

176. A strong or emphatic negative. - Nō hea, nō whea

177. Be waited for - tāria

178. Serves you right! - kaitoa

Level 4
Various sentence structures

179. Could you please make me... - Tēnā mahia mai he... māku.

180. It was as if - ānō nei

181. You go on ahead - hoatu koe

182. It won't be long before... - kāore e roa...; kāori i roa...

183. Through (one thing/action), (a second thing) will be achieved. - Mā te... ka...; mā... e... ai

184. Almost/just about - kua/i tata...

185. While at the same time/and in addition - me te... anō

186. Gerund phrases (fence building, bread baking, dishes washing...) - tunu parāoa...

187. It is becoming... - E... haere ana

188. Certainly, almost certainly, no doubt - Kāore e kore

189. So that something can happen for someone else - kia

190. ...and also, moreover - ...ka mutu

191. there wasn't any... absolutely no... - Kāore kau...

192. When I was young - I a e tamariki ana

193. All of a sudden - Mea ake

194. It carried on like this... - Pēnei tonu...

195. You’d better watch it! - Ākuanei!

196. When - Kia